The Farming Techniques of Whiteleg Shrimp in a Pond - fish-hobbyist

The Farming Techniques of Whiteleg Shrimp in a Pond

Whiteleg shrimp farming is such a promising business idea to try.  Apply these techniques if you want to farm the shrimp in a pond.

Getting well-known as King prawn or Pacific white shrimp, whiteleg shrimp farming becomes popular among shrimp farmers. As many people consume whiteleg shrimp, this shrimp has high value and demand by international markets. If you plan to raise the whiteleg shrimp in a pond, take a look at the farming techniques below.  

1. Whiteleg Shrimp Nursing

When it comes to whiteleg shrimp nursery in a pond, you need to provide broodstocks. Choose what source will you need to get whiteleg shrimp broodstock supply. You can have the broodstock directly from sea-caught or purchase them. The mature broodstock is about seven months to one year with weighing 30 to 40grams. 

The selection of qualified whiteleg shrimp broodstocks will result in high-quality shrimps in a pond. Before placing the broodstocks in the pond, you need to put them in oxygenated tanks or plastic bags at reduced temperatures. After a few days, you can transfer them into a pond. 

2. Whiteleg Shrimp Producing 

The production of whiteleg shrimp farming in a pond come in various techniques. If you want to raise whiteleg shrimps, you need to pay attention to the biosecurity of the pond. The purpose is to take control of the risk for disease surge.  

To avoid the disease surge, you need to prepare a proper pond. The pond should require the measurement of biosecurity, like predator control systems, bird and crab protection, and the use of lining. 

3. Feed Supplying

The next whiteleg shrimp farming technique is feed supply. You don’t need to worry about paying much for whiteleg shrimp feed. 

Whiteleg shrimp can utilize natural productivity in a pond. Even due to pond circumstances where the protein is low, the shrimp can eat by optimizing the use of the bacterial floc systems.  The bacterial floc mostly combines the composition of fecal pellets, diatoms, exoskeletons, bacteria, invertebrates, and dead organisms. This composition is relatively easy to provide than feed protein.

4. Harvesting

Another thing you need to figure out about whiteleg shrimp farming is about harvesting. The harvesting technique depends on what type of pond system you apply. Harvesting time is usually in spring tide and five days after water changing in the pond. The purpose is to make sure the shrimp shells have hardened. 

When the harvesting time is about to come, you need to install a bag net in the sluice gate of the pond to drain it or pump out the water.

5. Handling and Processing

After harvesting, you need to sort out whiteleg shrimps to maintain the quality. After being sorted out, you need to wash, weigh, and put them in ice water at zero to four degrees Celsius in a container. Add sodium metabisulphite in the water to prevent redhead and melanosis. After doing all the process, you may transport them by trucks and process them to the markets or processing plants.

In conclusion, whiteleg shrimp farming can be quite challenging. If you plan to raise whiteleg shrimp in a pond, follow these techniques above to obtain the high-quality shrimps.


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