The Habitat of Trichopsis Pumila Fish in Nature - fish-hobbyist

The Habitat of Trichopsis Pumila Fish in Nature

Learning about the fish habitat of Trichopsis pumila in nature will help you keep this species better in captivity. Find out more about their background, natural habitat, diet, and more below.

This genus trichopsis and trichopsis pumila species category is also known as the sparkling gourami, the pygmy gourami, and dwarf croaking gourami. Trichopsis pumila is a freshwater habitat in Southeast Asia. J.P. Arnold first described this species in 1936; they are all over the Mekong River basin in Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, and Peninsular Malaysia. To learn more about this lively little creature here is some information about the fish habitat of Trichopsis pumila in nature.


This sparkling gourami owns a pale brown arrow-shaped body. There is a brown transverse stripe that stretches from the snout to the caudal fin. You can also see a whitish area in their brown stripe with a broken brown band. In particular light, this fish features a greenish iridescence in its flanks and has a bright blue iris and orange color in its eye’s outer parts.

This fish, which is mostly sized 3.5-4 cm or 1.5 inches, has dazzling light blue fins combined with red spots, blue and red radiant in their edges. The Sparkling gourami can communicate with their community by using their pectoral fin muscles and tendons. When talking to their mates, they stretch their pectoral fin muscles and tendons like guitar strings. Later on, a short burst of sound will be produced by them. Male and female trichopsis pumila can create those sounds, mostly during courtship.

Natural Habitat

Trichopsis pumila’s natural habitat is rice paddies, slow-moving rivers, and lowland waters such as ditches, swamp forests, peat swamps, small ponds, and river tributaries. The community of this fish loves still or sluggish water because they prefer a habitat that is rich with waterside vegetation.

Even in low oxygen levels water, Trichopsis pumila still can survive. They can breathe air on the water surface by taking gulps of air with its labyrinth organ. The pH water level of trichopsis pumila’s natural habitat is 6.0–7.5 and dH of 5–19. Meanwhile, the water temperature is around 25 °C to 28 °C (77 °F to 83 °F). 

Diet and Nutrition

The fish habitat of Trichopsis pumila in wild nature eats small invertebrates and insects. Because they are omnivorous, they can also consume algae as their diet. Therefore, in captivity, you can give these fish flakes, pellets, frozen or live foods. Additional best nutrition that will boost their growth, color developments, and health adds brine shrimp, daphnia, tubifex, artemia, and bloodworms to their diet.


Trichopsis pumila is a bubble nester. Instead of placing a couple of pairs, it is better to put six fish in a tank of at least two females for each male. You can start the breeding process by increasing the temperature up to 3-5°F and lowering the water level up to 6 inches. 

Make sure to give your meaty fish foods before the breeding starts. Male will shelter and search for fry. When sparkling gourami are ready to breed, you will notice a light round abdomen in females. Meanwhile, the male will begin creating a nest using foam and saliva placed under a plant. 

Once the nest is created, the male will start courting the female. The male will swim around the female, straighten his fins, and squeeze or hug their partner. During the spawning, the male will fertilize eggs and put those eggs in the nest. Female fish can release around 15 eggs in each spawning, but the spawning process will repeat several days in a day.

That is brief, useful information about the fish habitat of Trichopsis pumila in nature. Thanks to their tiny appearance, agility, and stunning figure, this dwarf croaking gourami from the wild is also loved by fish lovers to be kept in an aquarium.

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