Types of Diseases in Fish Julidochromis ornatus - fish-hobbyist

Types of Diseases in Fish Julidochromis ornatus

Diseases in fish Julidochromis ornatus are associated with cichlid diseases since they are in the same family. Here is a brief guideline to identify and treat it.

As a fish keeper, there is always a possibility of parasites and disease that accidentally goes into your precious water tank full of beautiful fishes. Even the hardiest fish species can come in contact and get sick. This article is focused on common diseases in fish Julidochromis ornatus and their treatments.

Julidochromis ornatus Profile

Julidochromis ornatus is one of many freshwater fishes that are beginner friendly for those who have just started fishkeeping. Originating from Lake Tanganyika in Eastern Africa, it is also known as the Golden Julie and falls into the family of Cichlidae (cichlid). This fish is very popular due to their colorful body and active behavior.

Each time you buy a new fish, it is recommended to put it in a quarantine tank before it can join the communal tank. The safest substances to add to the quarantine tank are aquarium salt and/or tap water conditioners. You also need to add a water filter and heater and adjust these components according to the fish’s needs. Quarantine the newly bought fish for a few days to prevent cross-contamination.

Types of Diseases

Prevention is better than medication. However, sometimes, a fish can still pick up a disease. Diseases in fish Julidochromis ornatus are similar to other fishes in the Cichlidae family. Here are a few common ones:

1. Malawi Bloat

The Malawi Bloat is the most common freshwater aquarium fish that infects African cichlid, including the Golden Julie. The symptoms include abdominal swelling, loss of appetite, discoloration, rapid breathing, and fish staying at the bottom of the tank. If not treated quickly, it can turn fatal in 3 days. The cause of this disease is still undecided. Quickly separate the sick fish into the quarantine tank with a dose of Metronidazole. You also need to remove the tank filter’s activated carbon.

2. Ich - White Spot

This disease is quite easy to spot. As the name implies, it manifests in the fish’s body, gills, and fins as white spots. Other symptoms include rubbing against an object in the tank, losing appetite, and clamped fins. It is a highly infectious disease caused by protozoa or parasite named Ichthyophthirius multifiliis. 

If you see a fish in your communal tank with white spots, it is recommended to treat the whole tank at once by increasing the water temperature, removing the activated carbon water filter, and lastly, putting a dose of aquarium salt or white ich medication. Follow the recommended dosage and keep monitoring the tank’s temperature.

3. Cotton Wool Disease

Due to declining water quality, the cotton wool disease is caused by a fuzzy white fungus that grows onto the fish’s heads, scales, and fins. This disease can also come from uneaten fish food and other debris accumulating in the tank. You can use aquarium salt or any available antifungal medications to treat this disease.

Even though you can not fully prevent diseases from hurting your fish, having the knowledge to identify them in the early stages can make a huge difference. Common diseases in fish Julidochromis ornatus can still be treated at home with the right guidelines. If you feel like you’re not making any progress, contact your local veterinarian for further assistance.


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