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Dissolved oxygen

Dissolved oxygen





Oxygen (O2) is a substance that is important for the life of organisms.

Oxygen is needed by aquatic organisms to breathe.

fish in water need oxygen to breathe.

oxygen can dissolve into water through a diffusion process.

the factors that can affect the amount of oxygen that dissolves in water are as follows:

1. temperature. temperature affects the saturation of water (the capacity of water to absorb oxygen). When the water temperature is high, less oxygen will dissolve.

2. Surface water movement. movement of surface water in the form of waves will accelerate the process of diffusion of air into the water.

3. Air pressure. This air pressure is related to the height of a place above sea level. if an area is higher then the air pressure will be low so that dissolved oxygen will be low.

4. salinity. the higher the salinity value, the less dissolved oxygen will be.

5. aquatic plants. aquatic plants associated with photosynthesis. the photosynthesis process will produce oxyg…

how to keep Maylandia estherae in an aquarium

how to keep Maylandia estherae in an aquarium


Maylandia estherae




Maylandia estherae is a type of fish that lives in freshwater.

Maylandia estherae has orange color. in nature the fish of Maylandia estherae breed by laying eggs.

Maylandia estherae fish live and love the aquatic environment with moderate lighting levels.

Maylandia estherae fish can be kept in an aquarium.

in maintenance in the aquarium there are several things that need to be considered so that the fish Maylandia estherae can grow healthy, including:


1. The pH of the aquarium water used to keep fish is 8.1

2. the level of water hardness in the aquarium is 22 H.

3. the water temperature in the aquarium is 27 C.

4. the amount of water filled in the Maylandia estherae fish rearing aquarium is 100 liters.

5. height of the water in the aquarium that is installed that is equal to 12 cm.

6. in maintenance in the aquarium Maylandia estherae need to be fed, the feed that can be given to the fish Maylandia estherae is in the form …

how to successfully maintain Pseudotropheus fish in an aquarium?

how to successfully maintain Pseudotropheus fish in an aquarium?





Pseudotropheus fish are fish that live in fresh water, these fish breed by laying eggs.

Pseudotropheus fish live in waters and like aquatic environments with moderate lighting levels.

Pseudotropheus fish can be used as pet fish, fish hobbyists can keep fish in the aquarium.

maintaining a Pseudotropheus fish in an aquarium is done by fish hobbyists in order to create a feeling of pleasure for those who see it.

in maintaining Pseudotropheus fish in an aquarium there are a number of things to note namely among them:

1. water in the aquarium must have a pH of 8.0.

2. in maintaining Pseudotropheus fish in an aquarium, the level of water hardness in the aquarium must be worth 20 H.

3. aquarium water used to keep Pseudotropheus fish has a temperature of 28 C.

4. the amount of water filled in the aquarium is 100 liters.

5. the height of the water in the aquarium used to keep Pseudotropheus fish has a height of 8 cm.

6. in mainta…

things that need to be considered in maintaining Aulonocara Fish in the aquarium

things that need to be considered in maintaining Aulonocara Fish in the aquarium.






Aulonocara fish is a type of fish that has an attractive color.

Aulonocara fish live in freshwater and live in aquatic environments with moderate lighting levels.

in nature Aulonocara fish breed by laying eggs.

Aulonocara fish can be used as pet fish in aquariums because these fish have beautiful colors and attractive shapes.

in maintenance in the aquarium there are several things that need to be considered so that Aulonocara fish can grow well. which include:

1. water in the aquarium used in maintaining Aulonocara fish must have a pH of 8.1.

2. the level of water hardness for maintaining Aulonocara fish in the aquarium is 20 H.

3. Water temperature suitable for the maintenance of Aulonocara fish in the aquarium is equal to 27 C.

4. the amount of water used in maintaining Aulonocara fish in the aquarium is 200 liters.

5. the height of the water used to keep Aulonocara fish in the aquarium is 16 cm.

6. In …

how to maintain Betta splendens in an aquarium

how to maintain Betta splendens in an aquarium








Betta splendens is a type of freshwater fish that is used as pet fish.

Betta splendens are quite popular among fish hobbyists, these fish are used as ornamental fish because they have an attractive body shape and have a variety of colors.

Betta splendens in nature breed by laying eggs.

Betta splendens like environments with moderate lighting levels.

Betta splendens can be maintained in aquariums or small sized fish containers made of glass.

in maintenance of the aquarium, there are several things to consider when maintaining a Betta splendens, namely:


1. water used to maintain Betta splendens must have a pH of 7.

2. the level of water hardness in the maintenance container is 8 H.

3. The appropriate water temperature for maintaining Betta splendens is 26 C.

3. The amount of water filled for the maintenance of Betta splendens is 40 liters.

4. For Betta splendens maintenance, the water level in the maintenance container is 6 cm.

5. The feed …

Pterophyllum scalare fish

Pterophyllum scalare fish


Pterophyllum scalare fish or also called "Angelfish". is a type of fish that lives in freshwater.

Pterophyllum scalare fish are in great demand by ornamental fish hobbyists, even for some regions of the world Pterophyllum scalare fish are a type of ornamental fish that is quite popular among fish hobbyists.

For some people who have just jumped into the world of ornamental fish, there are a few things that need to be considered in maintaining Pterophyllum scalare fish in an aquarium, namely:


1. pH value, so that Pterophyllum scalare fish can be maintained properly in an aquarium, the aquarium water must have a pH value of 7.0.


2. The level of hardness of the aquarium water used to maintain Pterophyllum scalare fish is 8 H.

3. Pterophyllum scalare fish live and thrive at an aquarium water temperature of 26 C.

4. The amount of aquarium water used to maintain Pterophyllum scalare fish is 100 liters.

5. The height of the aquarium water installed to maint…

7 things to consider in maintaining an Astronotus ocellatus in an aquarium

7 things to consider in maintaining an Astronotus ocellatus in an aquarium



Astronotus ocellatus fish, also known as Oscar fish, is one of the types of ornamental fish that has been maintained by fish hobbyists.
These fish live in freshwater and like environments with moderate lighting levels.
fish hobbyists have long made Astronotus ocellatus fish as domesticated fish. This fish is usually kept in an aquarium placed at home.
although it has long been kept as an ornamental fish in an aquarium, Astronotus ocellatus fish need to be considered in terms of water quality and the environment in which they live.

there are some things that need to be observed in maintaining Astronotus ocellatus fish in an aquarium including:
1. The pH value of water in the aquarium, to maintain the fish Astronotus ocellatus to live well in the aquarium, the water in the aquarium must have a pH value of 7.2. 2. The level of water hardness in the water used to maintain Astronotus ocellatus fish must be 10 H. 3. …

How to keep Aequidens rivulatus in the aquarium

How to keep Aequidens rivulatus in the aquarium.





The types of fish that are classified as freshwater fish are Aequidens rivulatus. Aequidens rivulatus in nature breed by laying eggs.

Aequidens rivulatus fish live in waters that have moderate lighting levels.

Aequidens rivulatus fish can be used as pet fish. Aequidens rivulatus fish can be kept in an aquarium.

In the maintenance of the aquarium, there are several factors that need attention. these factors that need to be considered are the level of aquarium water quality and the environment in which to keep Aequidens rivulatus fish.

below are a few things to consider in maintaining Aequidens rivulatus, including:

1. Water in the aquarium must have a pH of 7.2.
2. the level of water hardness in the aquarium is 10 H.
3. the water temperature in the aquarium is worth 25C.
4. the amount of water used to fill the aquarium is as much as 200 liters with a height of water installed as high as 15 cm.
5. in maintenance in the aquarium, Aequidens…

How to maintain vieja zonata fish in an aquarium.

How to maintain vieja zonata fish in an aquarium.





Vieja zonata fish are freshwater fish, for fish hobbyists, Vieja zonata fish can be maintain in an aquarium.

As for the factors that need to be considered in maintaining vieja zonata fish in an aquarium, are:

1. Aquarium water has a pH value of 7.0.
2. the level of water hardness in the aquarium is 10 H.
3. The water temperature is 25 C.
4. The height of the water in the aquarium is 25 cm.
5. the amount of water in the aquarium to keep vieja zonata fish is 200 liters.

In keeping vieja zonata fish in an aquarium, vieja zonata fish need to be fed, the type of feed given is live worms, Daphnia.


lighting in an aquarium to keep vieja zonata fish, requires a moderate level of lighting.

Vieja zonata fish is an aggressive type of fish. Vieja zonata fish can swim below, in the middle and near the surface of the water. For beginners, it might be difficult to keep vieja zonata in the aquarium.


the aquarium needed to keep vieja zonata fish must ha…

How to Spawn Dwarf Spotted Danio Fish

How to Spawn Dwarf Spotted Danio Fish 


Description: Looking for the ways to spawn dwarf spotted danio fish? Find out the ways of spawning dwarf spotted danio fish here.


As the tropical fish, dwarf spotted danio fish becomes one of the most popular freshwater fish found in the aquarium. These fish are hardy and come with different color variations. These school of fish are relatively easy to spawn. Looking for the ways for spawning dwarf spotted danio fish? Find out here!


Set the Tank
The first thing you need to do for breeding the dwarf spotted danio fish is to set the tank. These fish don’t require special accommodation. Set the tank with a matured sponge filter. Fill the tank with half to two-thirds of water with the range of temperature of 77 degrees to 79 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees to 26 degrees Celsius). Don’t forget to add plenty of fine-leafed plants (Java Moss) or a spawning mat. Add the dim lighting to complete the prepared tank.


Place the Fish in the Prepared Tank
Before s…

How to Maintain a Dwarf Spotted Danio Fish in an Aquarium

How to Maintain a Dwarf Spotted Danio Fish in an Aquarium 


Description: Do you want to keep the school of dwarf spotted danio fish in an aquarium? Figure out the ways to maintain these schooling fish.


Danio nigrofasciatus or is known as dwarf spotted danio fish are loved by many aquarists. These fish can tolerate water chemistry and a wide range of temperatures. They are excellent fish to choose for beginners to set up the aquariums. Here are the ways to maintain the school of dwarf spotted danio fish in the aquarium.


Stocking
If you plan to maintain the school of dwarf spotted danio fish in an aquarium, add them to the peaceful species. Avoid the school of fish with aggressive species. Aggressive species will lead the bad effects on the fish. They will harass and kill the dwarf spotted danio fish. Besides, keep in mind that they love to make a group of four or five. So, give these fish some companies. They will be the happiest schooling fish who swim back and forth in the aquarium.


Wat…

Buenos Aires Tetra Fish Hatchery Techniques

Buenos Aires Tetra Fish Hatchery Techniques


Breeding the Buenos Aires Tetra Fish can be a potential business when you know the hatcheries Buenos Aires Tetra Fish. Here are the steps.


Buenos Aires Tetra Fish has been a favorite for many aquarists who have community tanks. Its preference for school and less aggressive behavior make it easy for Buenos Aires Tetra Fish to mingle with other fish. Hence, the fish is also good for business. And before starting it, you can try for some hatcheries Buenos Aires Tetra Fish.


The breeding and hatchery process of this fish is a little bit more challenging than when you feed them. It is because the males will suddenly eat the eggs once the females lay it in the bottom of the tank.

But, when you follow the right steps to feed them, you will understand that the hatcheries Buenos Aires Tetra Fish can also be fun.



Preparation to Breed and Hatch Buenos Aires Tetra Fish

You can easily distinguish the males and females only by seeing their physical appearan…

Type of Buenos Aires Tetra Fish Disease and How to Treat It

Type of Buenos Aires Tetra Fish Disease and How to Treat It


Even though it is hardy, the Buenos Aires Tetra Fish can get infected with several diseases. Here is the type of Buenos Aires Tetra Fish Disease that you need to know.


Do you want to have a glimpse of beauty inside your tank? Opt for a group of Buenos Aires Tetra fish inside your tank is a good thing to do. The fish is known for its non-aggressive behavior. They also tend to eat anything, from dried food, vegetables, into living foods like bloodworm. Still, you must pay attention to the type of Buenos Aires Tetra Fish disease.

The fish are prone to some infestation of parasites like worms and infection of bacteria. If you have a well-maintained tank, then you don't have to worry about the disease.

However, you have to prepare in dealing with several diseases. The disease might come from these sources: dirty foods, soiled decorations, or other fish.


The Types of Disease
You can observe the types of disease in the Buenos Ai…

Characteristics of Buenos Aires Tetra Fish

Characteristics of Buenos Aires Tetra Fish



Looking for a friendly fish in the tank? Then you can consider the Buenos Aires Tetra Fish. Here are the characteristics of Buenos Aires Tetra Fish that you need to know.


The Buenos Aires Tetra is an extremely famous creature among the fish-hobbyists circle for its ease to adapt in the aquarium environment. Moreover, the characteristics of Buenos Aires Tetra Fish is unique. People tend to buy it in a large number and put it in huge tanks.


The rivers, ponds, and gulf in Argentina, Paraguay, and southeastern Brazil are homes to this freshwater fish. The species is considered as a shoaling fish, which is peaceful and easy to take care of. However, it cannot fit well in the salty waters or dirty ones.

It can live in the water with 5.8 - 8.5 pH and the temperature around 18-28°C.


The Characteristics of Buenos Aires Tetra Fish

The fish is marked by the silvery body and the blue line lies behind the gill until the tail. You can find a marking of the …

How to Care for Buenos Aires Tetra Fish in an Aquarium

How to Care for Buenos Aires Tetra Fish in an Aquarium


When you have chosen of Buenos Aires Tetra fish, know the maintenance of Buenos Tetra Fish in the aquarium to make its lifespan getting longer.


Looking for a hardy tropical fish? A Buenos Tetra Fish might be a good option. The fish is known for its easy-temperament and can adapt well in the tank environment. Its silvery body is such fun to watch in your aquarium. But, when you decide to buy fish, moreover it is your first time, then you need to know the way of keeping them in the tank. The maintenance of Buenos Tetra Fish in the aquarium is facile.


They love to eat anything, including flakes, smaller fish, dried food, and also plants. However, this can also be a trouble that you must overcome. Since they are a great eater, they tend to think that the aquarium plants are a source of food. The plastic decorations are the way to go when you are dealing with this fish.



Maintaining Buenos Tetra Fish Inside The Aquarium

Before you put th…

Type of Fish Given in The Maintenance of Buenos Aires Tetra Fish

Type of Fish Given in The Maintenance of Buenos Aires Tetra Fish


Buenos Aires Tetra Fish Feed is such an easy to do. Here is how to pick the right foods to this magnificent freshwater fish.

Are you a beginner aquarist? Buenos Aires Tetra Fish is a perfect option. Besides its ability to adapt well inside the tank, it is not demanding in terms of food. So, Buenos Aires Tetra fish feed is such an easy thing to do.


Buenos Aires Tetra Fish loves to eat anything. They will grab and swallow whatever foods that you give to them. They can eat dried foods, flakes, artificial foods, vegetables, and even living foods like bloodworms.


However, this is also a reminder to all the fish-hobbyist not to put the living plants as the decoration for the tanks. They shoot those living plants and eat them. It would help if you put the artificial decoration so the fish won't eat them.

Considering this behavior, picking the vegetables as a diet is a great option.
Besides the living plants, there is also a…

Dwarf Spotted Danio Fish Habitat

Dwarf Spotted Danio Fish Habitat


Description: Plan to add dwarf spotted danio fish to the aquarium? Get to know about the dwarf spotted danio fish habitat and their characteristics first.

As the tropical fish, dwarf spotted danio fish belong to the Cyprinidae or minnow family. Due to their small size, many fish-keeping hobbyists love to have them in the tank or aquarium. Before keeping them, find out dwarf spotted danio fish habitat more details.

1.Wild Habitat
When it comes to the habitat of origin, dwarf spotted danio fish habitat is easy to spot in the wild in Northern Myanmar. These fish are easy to find in the rivers, streams, and lakes in a tropical climate with a pH of 6.5-7.0. These schooling fish would love to swim around with the same species when the monsoon seasons come.


2.Ponds, Ditches, and Rice Paddy Fields
Besides the wild habitats like the rivers, streams, and lakes, dwarf spotted danio fish can live in certain places: the ponds, ditches, and rice paddy fields. Many d…

Type Of Feed Given To The Cultivation Of Black Phantom Tetra Fish

Type Of Feed Given To The Cultivation Of Black Phantom Tetra Fish


(Meta description: How much do you know about black phantom tetra fish feed? Before you decide to keep some, make sure you are aware of what to feed them. Here are some of the examples.)
When it comes to breeding and looking after fish, foods are important. If you are still an amateur at this, any pellets are possible for you. However, you need to be aware that each type of fish has different characteristics. With black phantom tetra fish feed, there are things you need to know first.
For starters, here are the fun facts about black phantom tetra fish:
     1.They are social creatures. Therefore, you should not put just one fish in the tank. As social creatures, black phantom tetra swims in groups. Have at least six of them in the same tanks. The males can train with each other. They are also not the aggressive type unless when feeling threatened.
      2.They are omnivores. You will not have much trouble when it comes to blac…

Tiger Barb Fish

How to Spawn Tiger Barb Fish



Description: In general, spawning Tiger Barb fish is a very easy task to do. Find out the proper procedure here to get you their new breeds in the aquarium.
As a tropical fish, the Tiger Barb is a popular choice of fish for anybody who just started a hobby or business in fishery without experience in the field at all. They are easy to take care of and naturally seek companionship within their group or other types of fish. If you are considering breeding them to get more in your tank, below procedure for spawning Tiger Barb fish can be your reference.
1.See if the female is ready to lay eggsAt this rate, you should know how to differentiate the male and female ones already. After some time in the tank, you may notice that the females’ belly is getting plump and bloated. This means that there are eggs inside, and it will soon start spawning Tiger Barb fish. For a more scientific observation, most females are sexually mature when they are 1,5 inches long or alre…